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Type of drydocks

Dry docks are a crucial infrastructure for the maintenance and repair of ships. A dry dock is a structure that is used to lift a vessel out of the water for inspection, maintenance, and repairs. There are several types of dry docks, each with their own unique features and advantages. Here are the most common types of dry docks:


Graving Docks



Graving docks are the most common type of dry dock. They consist of a rectangular-shaped basin with walls on either side that are used to support the vessel. The walls of the basin are made of concrete, steel, or timber, and are lined with clay, concrete, or asphalt to prevent water from entering the dock. The dock is emptied of water, and the vessel is floated into the dock, after which the dock is flooded again to lift the ship. Graving docks are usually used for larger ships and are ideal for hull repairs.


Floating Dry Docks



Floating dry docks are self-contained structures that are used to lift a vessel out of the water. They are made of steel or concrete and have ballast tanks that can be filled with water to sink the dock, and then emptied to lift the ship. They can be moved around by tugboats or self-propelled, making them ideal for repairs and maintenance on ships in remote locations. Floating dry docks are also used for repairs on smaller ships and are less expensive to build and maintain than graving docks.


Marine Railways



Marine railways are used to lift smaller vessels, such as fishing boats or yachts, out of the water for repairs and maintenance. They consist of a sloping ramp or railway track that is used to pull the vessel out of the water. Once the vessel is on land, it can be worked on, and then pulled back into the water when the repairs are complete. Marine railways are usually used for smaller vessels and are less expensive than graving docks or floating dry docks.


Syncrolifts



Syncrolifts are a type of dry dock that use a hydraulic lift system to raise and lower vessels. They consist of a large platform with a series of lifting arms that are controlled by a hydraulic system. The vessel is floated onto the platform, and the arms lift the ship out of the water. Syncrolifts are ideal for smaller ships and are also commonly used for the construction of new vessels.


In conclusion, dry docks are a crucial infrastructure for the maintenance and repair of ships. The type of dry dock you choose will depend on the size and type of vessel you need to repair or maintain, as well as your budget and location. Graving docks are the most common type of dry dock and are ideal for larger ships, while floating dry docks are more versatile and can be used for ships of various sizes. Marine railways are less expensive and are ideal for smaller vessels, while syncrolifts are best for the construction of new vessels.

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